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In ancient Hawaiʻi, kukui nuts were burned to provide light. The nuts were strung in a row on a palm leaf midrib, lit on one end, and burned one by one every 15 minutes or so. This led to their use as a measure of time. Hawaiians also extracted the oil from the nut and burned it in a stone oil lamp called a kukui hele po (light, darkness goes) with a wick made of kapa cloth.
Hawaiians also had many other uses for the tree, including: leis from the shells, leaves, and flowers; ink for tattoos from charred nuts; a varnish with the oil; and fishermen would chew the nuts and spit them on the water to break the surface tension and remove reflections, giving them greater underwater visibility. A red-brown dye made from the inner bark was used on kapa and aho (Touchardia latifolia cordage). A coating of kukui oil helped preserve ʻupena (fishing nets) The nohona waʻa(seats), pale (gunwales) of waʻa (outrigger canoes) were made from the wood. The trunk was sometimes used to make smaller canoes used for fishing] Kukui was named the state tree of Hawaii on 1 May 1959 due to its multitude of uses. It also represents the island of Molokaʻi, whose symbolic color is the silvery green of the kukui leaf.
Laua'e is indigenous to Hawai‘i. The Hawaiians adopted it for scenting their kapa cloth. Laua'e is sometimes broken into sections and twined with pieces of the Hala (Pandanus) tree for lei makings. You can find this fern in most resorts and gardens where it grows abundantly.
Monstera is a genus of about 50 species of flowering plants in the arum family, Araceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas. The genus is named from the Latinword for "monstrous" or "abnormal", and refers to the unusual leaves with natural holes that members of the genus have.
Kalo was the main staple for Hawaiian people. In order for wet taro to grow it needs a marshy environment. For dry taro, it needs moist uplands. It was Polynesian introduced. The Hawaiians used kalo for healing herbs, and food. Hawaiians would pound the taro to make poi as one of their meals for the day.
This plant is Polynesian introduced, which means that it was brought to Hawai‘i by Polynesian settlers. There were many medicinal uses. It was used to wrap other herbs needed to be baked or broiled. Kï was known as a resemblance of the god Lono. Hawaiians would lay the leaves of the tree on top of the structures in his heiau to show their respect to him.
Tree Fern (Hapu'u)
The häpu‘u fern is endemic meaning that it came here on it's own and is found nowhere else in the world. The tree heart of this fern was used as a starch for food and for laundry in the 1920's. There are 50-70 pounds of starch in the trunk.